Geneva, Switzerland - UPF organized a forum on "The Role of Dialogue and Understanding Towards a De-Escalation on the Korean Peninsula and in East Asia" at the Palais des Nations (UN headquarters) in Geneva on Oct. 31, 2014.

Among the topics discussed was a proposal by South Korea to build a large regional UN complex inside the demilitarized zone that divides North and South Korea. The concept was raised informally by South Korea's President Park Guen-hye at the UN General Assembly in September. A more detailed proposal was presented by provincial and city officials at the one-day peace and security conference in Geneva.

Text of speech by Dr Walter Schwimmer

Report by Mr Humphrey Hawksley

Recordings are available of the four sessions:

Session I - Security concerns that threaten stability in the region
(0:00:51) Chair: Heiner Walter Handschin, Director of UPF Office of UN Relations, Geneva
(0:07:17) Dr. Walter Schwimmer, former Secretary General of the Council of Europe
(0:28:55) H.E. Kim Hee Kyeum, Vice-Governor of Gyonggy Province, ROK
(0:44:26) Hon. Yves Nidegger, Federal Parliament of Switzerland, Bern
(0:59:56) Dr. Willem Van Eekelen, former Minister of Defense, the Netherlands
(01:19:10) Questions to the panelists

Session II - Reconciliation and conflict resolution efforts on the Korean Peninsula
(0:00) Session Chair: Peter Haider, Secretary General & Director UPF office UN Relations, Vienna Relations
(05:08) Dr. William A. Mc Comish, Dean Emeritus of St. Peter’s Cathedral, Geneva, and President Geneva Spiritual Appeal
(25:09) H.E. Mayor Lee Jae Hong, Paju City, ROK
(40:12) Prof. Dr. Mun Byeong Cheol, Seoul National University, ROK
(57:13) Prof. Dr. Anis H. Bajrektarevic, Chairperson International Law and Global Political Studies, Vienna Austria

Session III - Peace building models: from prevention to transformation
Session Chair: Carolyn M. Handschin, President WFWPI Europe & Director Office for UN
Ms. Madeleine Rees, President Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) and former Head of Women’s Rights and Gender Unit OHCHR
Mr. Willy Fautre, President, Human rights without Frontiers (HRWF), Belgium
Maj. Gen.(ret.) Adrien Evéquoz, former Head of the Swiss Delegation in the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission (NNSC) at Panmunjom (DMZ)
Dr. Joong Hyun Pak, President International Network for Korean Peninsula Peace, (INKPP) Seoul, ROK
Dr. Nicolas Schmitt, Institute of Federalism, University of Fribourg, Switzerland

Session IV - Opportunities for cooperation and development in the region: Calling on governments, the UN and civil society
Session Chair: Chantal Chetelat–Komagata, Secretary General, Fribourg Peace Forum, Switzerland
Mr. Humphrey Hawksley, Senior Correspondant BBC, London, UK
Mr. Santiago Castillo, Author and Far East Correspondant, Spain
Dr. Elke Preusser-Franke, Jewish Women’s Association, Dresden, Germany
Hon. Noel Farrugia, former Minister and Member of Parliament of Malta

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